The Tambora event was the largest volcanic eruption in the last millennium. Indonesia's population has been increasing rapidly since the 1815 eruption. On this day in April 1815, on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa just east of Java and Bali, the 14,000-foot-high Mount Tambora exploded and collapsed upon itself. However, about three years before the 1815 eruption, the mountain seemed to come to life. An administrator of the East India Company, Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, who was serving as governor of Java at the time, published a striking account of the disaster based on written reports he had collected from English traders and military personnel. L'année 1816 en particulier est restée connue comme l'« année sans été », : l'éruption a en effet affecté océans et tropiques, et tous les records de baisse de température ont été battus en 1815 et 1816. Over the following four months the volcano exploded - the largest volcanic explosion in recorded history. Vers ce moment, toujours d'après les témoins, les trois colonnes fusionnèrent et la montagne ne fut plus qu'une masse de « feu liquide ». Every now and again Mount Tambora erupts. Widespread crop failures caused hunger and even famine in some places. On the U.S. Geological Survey’s Volcano Explosivity Index, Tambora scores a seven out of eight. So, what exactly does that mean? Tsunamis emanating from the island of Tambora destroyed settlements on other islands, killing tens of thousands of people. Au cours de l'été 1816 , Lord Byron et Percy Bysshe Shelley, voyageant dans les Alpes suisses , constateront les méfaits de la famine , consécutive à cette éruption.. About two weeks after the eruption, a British officer sent to deliver rice to the island of Sumbawa made an inspection of the island. Vers 10 heures du matin, une colonne éruptive de 44 km de haut monta dans le ciel, mais l'éruption dura seulement trois heures. The 1815 Tambora eruption emitted 60 to 80 megatons of SO 2 to the stratosphere (44 km high). The following year, 1816, became known as the Year Without a Summer. Temperatures did not rise as expected, and very cold temperatures persisted in some places well into the summer months. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 30 octobre 2020 à 16:15. )8 and many more people were killed (approximately 36,000 and 117,000 respectively).9 The aim of the present article is to rescue the eruption of Mt. The tremendous eruption of Mount Tambora in April 1815 was the most powerful volcanic eruption of the 19th century. British traders and explorers heard the sound and at first thought it to be the firing of cannon. Raffles began his account of the Mount Tambora eruption by noting the confusion about the source of the initial sounds: After the initial explosion was heard, Raffles said it was supposed that the eruption was no greater than other volcanic eruptions in that region. The eruption and the tsunamis it triggered killed tens of thousands of people. Le 5 avril 1815 eut lieu une première éruption donnant une colonne éruptive de 33 km de hauteur et qui dura 33 h. Les gens ne quittèrent pas leur maison. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. En Europe, les Alpes suisses furent très touchées, à tel point que pendant l'été 1816, il y neigeait presque toutes les semaines. When the volcano erupted in 1815, it climaxed on 10 April. Mount Tambora Eruption-April 1815 In 1815, a volcanic eruption occurred that changed the world. Le 6 avril, une légère chute de cendres fit comprendre aux habitants de Batavia (aujourd'hui Jakarta, à 1 260 km du volcan), que les détonations entendues la veille qui avaient motivé l'envoi de patrouilles militaires par crainte d'une attaque, étaient d'origine volcanique. À la suite de l'expulsion de tant de magma, le reste de la montagne s'effondra sur lui-même, et forma une grande caldeira de 6 km de diamètre et de 1 km de profondeur, diminuant ainsi l'altitude du volcan de 1 400 mètres. Il s'agit d'une des deux plus puissantes éruptions de l'époque historique. Pumice stones 20 centimetres in diameter began to fall. Lors d'une expédition difficile, il est descendu dans la caldeira du volcan. Tambora er en indonesisk vulkan der den 10. april 1815 gik i historiens største udbrud. After years of dormancy Mt Tambora unleashed mayhem by spewing an unimaginable amount of debris into the sky, covering many kilometers of the earth’s surface with ash, and volcanic material. Sur le site de l'ancien village, à l'aide de scanners, il a pu retrouver des restes d'habitations et des squelettes carbonisés ensevelis dans les cendres. Elle est considérée comme la deuxième éruption la plus violente des temps historiques, après celle du Samalas en 1257 (île de Lombok, Indonésie) mais devant l'éruption minoenne de 1610 av. Other employees of the East India Company in the region were directed by Raffles to submit reports about the aftermath of the eruption. According to a witness on an island about 10 miles to the south, the entire mountain appeared to turn into "liquid fire." Inside the chamber at depths between 1.5 and 4.5 km (0.93 and 2.80 mi), the exsolution of a high-pressure fluid magma formed during cooling and crystallisation of the magma. Le Tambora est un stratovolcan, qui forme la péninsule de Sanggar de l' île de Sumbawa, en Indonésie. Mount Tambora, also called Mount Tamboro, Indonesian Gunung Tambora, volcanic mountain on the northern coast of Sumbawa island, Indonesia, that in April 1815 exploded in the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. 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