2, pp. Huiskes, A.H.L., Convey, P., and Bergstom, D.M., Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems, in Antarctica as a Global Indicator, Springer-Verlag, 2006, pp. and Khotyleva, L.V., Geneticheskie osnovy selektsii rastenii (Genetic Basis of Plant Breeding), in 4 vols., vol. 16, no. 1–10. Natl. Alberdi, M. and Corcuera, L.J., Cold acclimation in plants, Phytochemistry, 1991, no. Yudakova, O.I., Gutorova, O.V., and Belyachenko, Yu.A., Metody issledovaniya reproduktivnykh struktur i organov rastenii: Ucheb.-metod. Kil’chevskii, A.V. Native species of the Antarctic Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis exist at the limits of survival of vascular plants. PubMed  5, pp. Gerighausen, U.T.A., Brautinam, K., Mustafa, O., et al., Expansion of vascular plants on an Antarctic island—a consequence of climate change?, in Antarctic Biology in Global Context, Netherlands: Backhuys, 2003, pp. 75–80. Aleksandrov, V.Ya., Andreev, V.P., and Kurbatova, L.E., The increase in resettlement area of the cereal Deschampsia antarctica in the vicinity of the Russian Antarctic station Bellingshausen (King George Islands and Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands) in connection with the general climate warming in the region, Probl. 23, pp. 308–318. Plant Sci, 2011, no. dokl. Selekts., 2012, vol. 411–441. 126, pp. is one of the two flowering plants that, along with Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl., was able to settle the ice-free areas of Antarctica. Hedhly, A., Hormaza, J.I., and Herrero, M., Global warming and sexual plant reproduction, Trends Plant Sci., 2008, vol. Zuniga-Feest, A., Inostroza, P., Vega, M., et al., Sugars and enzyme activity in the grass Deschampsia antarctica, Antarctic Sci., 2003, vol. Demyanova, E.I., Cleistogamy, in Embryology of Flowering Plants: Terminology and Concepts. 2, pp. Google Scholar. 1, pp. Navuk Ukr., 2009, vol. 234–239. 121–130. 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PubMed  [1]É uma das duas plantas vasculares fanerógamas nativas da Antártida, sendo a outra a Colobanthus quitensis.Cada vez que há pequenos aumentos de temperatura, mais sementes … Adaptation of the seed reproduction system to conditions of Maritime Antarctic in Deschampsia antarctica E. Desv.. Genet. Google Scholar. Tyrnov, V.A. No unique adaptations of seed reproduction system that are inherent exclusively to D. antarctica were found. Parnikoza, I.Yu., Kozeretskaya, I.A., Miryuta, N.Yu., et al., Environmentally caused interpopulation heterogeneity of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. Only two vascular plants, Deschampsia antarctica Desv. Kupriyanov, P.G., Diagnostika sistem semennogo razmnozheniya v populyatsiyakh tsvetkovykh rastenii (Diagnosis of Seed Breeding Systems in Populations of Flowering Plants), Saratov: Izd. 83, no. Plant, 2002, vol. Known as the Antarctic Hair Grass, is one of two native plants to the Antarctic region. “Russia in Antarctic,” St. Petersburg, April 12–14, 2006), St. Petersburg, 2006, pp. Kozeretska, S.V. from the Kamchatka Peninsula was conducted. Key words: Deschampsia antarctica, Poaceae, Antarctic, leaf anatomy, phenotypical anatomical changes and temperature. 427–433. Pearce, R.S., Molecular analysis of acclimation to cold, Plant Growth Reg., 1999, vol. Parnikoza, I.Yu., Miryuta, N.Yu., Maidanyuk, D.N., et al., Habitat and leaf cytogenetic characteristics of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. 15, no. 15, pp. Google Scholar. 3, pp. Sci. Biol., 2007, vol. Climate Change, 2011, vol. 96, pp. 72–79. 1, pp. Arkt. Fowbert, J.A., and Lewis Smith, R.I., Rapid population increases in native vascular plants in the Argentine islands, Antarctic Peninsula, Arctic Alpine Res., 1994, vol. 1109–1119. CAS  182, pp. Kunakh, V.A., Mobilni genetichni elementi i plastichnist’ genomu roslin (Transposable Genetic Elements and Genome Plasticity in Plants), Kyiv: Logos, 2013. konf. and Voinikov, V.K., Belki nizkotemperaturnogo stressa u rastenii (Low-Temperature Stress Proteins in Plants), Irkutsk, 2003. Parnikoza, 2016, published in Ontogenez, 2016, Vol. 2, pp. from contrasting environments on King George Island, Pol. Akad. Thomsashow, M.F., Plant cold acclimation: freezing tolerance genes and regulatory mechanisms, Plant. 119, pp. 115, no. 209–217. Otd., Ross. Gielwanowska, I., Pastorczyk, M., and Kellmann-Sopyla, W., Influence of environmental changes on physiology and development of polar vascular plants, Papers Global Change, 2011, no. CAS  Smith, R.C., Stammerjohn, S.E., and Baker, K.S., Surface air temperature variations in the western Antarctic Peninsula region, in Foundations for Ecological Research West of Antarctic Peninsula (Antarctic Research Series, vol. Trunova, T.I., Rastenie i nizkotemperaturnyi stress (Plant and Cold Stress), Moscow: Nauka, 2007. 7–14. 14, no. 1, pp. 14, pp. Google Scholar. Lond., B, 1982, vol. 181–195. The Antarctic hair grass ‘Deschampsia Antarctica’ is a cushion-forming pearlwort. Inst. Geogr., Sib. 99–139. 20, pp. 44, pp. 665–670. Gielwanowska, I., Specyfika rozwoju antarktycznych roslin naczynoiwych Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl i Deschampsia antarctica Desv., in Rozprawa Habilitacyjna, Olsztyn, 2005. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. shkola molodykh uchenykh “Embriologiya, genetika i biotekhnologiya”, 3–8 dekabrya 2007 g.: Tez. “Russia in the Antarctic,” April 12–14, 2006), St. Petersburg, 2006, pp. Greenberg, A.K. Parnikoza, O. O. Poronnik & V. A. Kunakh, You can also search for this author in 50–53. Ozheredova, I.Yu. World Wildlife Fund. Kunakh, I.A. 73, no. 181–940. Jap., 1969, vol. 1959–1968. Zh., 2013, vol. A possible starting point is to sort animals according to those that could survive in Antarctica and those that could not. Part of Springer Nature. Antarctic hairgrass (Deschampsia antarctica Desv.) 6, pp. is one of the two flowering plants that, along with Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl., was able to settle the ice-free areas of Antarctica. (Poaceae), one of two unique native angiosperms that inhabits the Antarctic regions, one of the harshest ecosystems of the world (Edwards & Lewis-Smith 1988, Zufiiga et al. Abstract. et al. PubMed  24–35. J. Bot., 1971, vol. Taran, N.Yu., Okanenko, O.A., Ozheredova, I.P., et al., Characteristics of the composition of components of lipid and pigment-protein complexes of photosynthetic membranes of Deschampsia antarctica Desv., Dop. 49, no. 26, no. 49, No. 330–338. Native species of the Antarctic Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis exist at the limits of survival of vascular plants. 63–70. Interspecies differences have been found in mature embryo sac size (326.8 ± 12.8 and 161.7 ± 10.4 μm), pollen sterility percentage (86.1 ± 8.9 and 35.3 ± 9.2%), and quantity of pollen in the anthers (140 ± 15.3 and 1578 ± 88.6). This fine, green leaved plant is perennial meaning in lives for around two years. Soc. INTRODUCTION. 126, no. PubMed  Chirkova, T.V., Fiziologicheskie osnovy ustoichivosti rastenii (Physiological Basis of Plant Resistance), St. Petersburg: SPbGU, 2002. Nats. 96, no. and Deschampsia antarctica Desv. 5833–5838. 39, no. Photobiol., 2005, vol. 15–26. In Antarctica, there are only 2 types of flowering plants: Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis) and Antarctic hair grass (Deschampsia antarctica). John, U.P., Polotnianka, R.M., Sivakumaran, K.A., et al., Ice recrystallization inhibition proteins (IRIPs) and freeze tolerance in the cryophilic Antarctic hair grass Deschampsia antarctica E. Geodakyan, V.A., Evolutionary theory of sex, Priroda, 1991, no. Convey, P. and Smith, R.I.L., Responses of terrestrial Antarctic ecosystems to climate change, Plant Ecol., 2006, vol. Evolyutsionnaya teoriya pola (Two Sexes: What for and Why? Bot., 2010, vol. 1985, Lewis-Smith Hennion, F., Huiskes, A.H.L., Robinson, S., and Convey, P., Physiological traits of organisms in a changing environment, in Trends in Antarctic Terrestrial and Limnetic Ecosystems: Antarctica as a Global Indicator, Bergstrom, D.M., Ed., Dordrecht: Springer-Verlag, 2006, pp. Culley, T.M. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062360416030073, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062360416030073, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in and Sarapul’tsev, I.E., Reproductive system of Arctic species of Poa (Poaceae), Bot. 6, pp. Gronland, Biosci., 1990, vol. Bot., 1995, vol. 75–80. Desv., Byull. 2, pp. Poa annua is the only flowering plant species that has established a breeding population in the maritime Antarctic, through repeated anthropogenic introduction. and Bayer, R.J., Genetic diversity in the tetraploid sand dune endemic Deschampsia mackenzieana and its widespread diploid progenitor D. cespitosa (Poaceae), Am. Alekhina, N.D., Balnokin, Yu.V., Gavrilenko, V.F., et al., Fiziologiya rastenii (Plant Physiology), Ermakov, I.P., Ed., Moscow: Academia, 2005. Demidov, V.A. It was found that both species are characterized by sexual mode of reproduction, equal size of pollen grains (25.5 ± 2.2 and 26.2 ± 1.9 μm, respectively), same features of the embryo sac structure, and emryo- and endospermogenesis. 1, nos. in maritime Antarctic, Polar Sci., 2007, vol. 2, pp. Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis are the only vascular plants to have colonized the Maritime Antarctic, which is characterized by its permanently low temperature and frequent summer frosts. 1637–1652. tez. Spangengern, G., et al., WO Patent 049835 A1, 2005. http://www.wipo.int/pctdb/en/wo.jsp?IA=AU2004001633&DISPLAY=DESC. 124–125. 2, pp. is one of the two flowering plants that, along with Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl., was able to settle the ice-free areas of Antarctica. II Int. 29, no. The first appearance of this species in the Antarctic was observed in 1953. 28, pp. 4, pp. Original Russian Text © O.I. Zh., 2007, vol. Fundamental adaptations to abiotic environmental factors that qualitatively distinguish them from the other vascular plants of extreme regions, namely temperature, ultraviolet radiation hardiness, and their genetic plasticity in the changeable environment are discussed. The Antarctic is one of the most severe natural habitats in the world, especially for plants. PubMed Central  in Maritime Antarctica: a species uniqueness or a long-term adaptive strategies?, Ukr. Soc., 2008, vol. Giełwanowska, I., Szczuka, E., Bednara, J., and Górrecki, R., Anatomical features and ultrastructure of Deschampsia antarctica (Poaceae) leaves from different growing habitats, Ann. Szczuka, E., Gielwanowska, I., Pidek, I.A., et al., Pollen of Antarctic plants Colobanthus guitensis and Deschampsia antarctica and its representation in moss polsters, in Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska (Lublin, Polonia), 2008, vol. One adaptation of D. antartica is that it expresses antifreeze proteins constitutively, which allow it to tolerate freezing temperatures 5. Philipp, M., Bocher, J., Mattson, O., and Woodell, S.R.J., A quantitative approach to the sexual reproductive biology and population structure of some arctic flowering plants: Dryas integrifolia, Silene acaulis and Ranunculus nivalis, Meddr. 36, pp. 2, no. PubMed  Grabel’nykh, O.I., Function and location of the 310-kDa stress protein in plant mitochondria, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s (Biol.) - 88.208.193.166. A. Kozeretska & S. V. Demidov, Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. Gielwanowska, I., Bochenek, A., and Loro, P., Biology of generative reproduction of Deschampsia antarctica, in Biology of Grasses, Frey, L.W., Ed, Krakow: Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Science, 2005, pp. Kravchenko, A.N., Lyakh, V.A., Toderash, L.G., et al., Metody gametnoi i zigotnoi selektsii tomatov (Methods of Gamete and Zygote Breeding of Tomatoes), Chisinau: ShTIINTsA, 1988. Possible causes and significance of these differences are discussed. This plant -- Deschampsia antarctica -- grows on a few western-exposed areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, and is more commonly found on South Orkney and South Shetland islands. Article  Zamir, D., Low temperature effect on selective fertilization by pollen mixtures of wild and cultivated tomato species, Teor. Ozheredova, I.P., Parnikoza, I.Y., Poronnik, O.O., et al., The mechanisms of Antarctic vascular plants adaptation to abiotic environmental factors, Cytol. Trunova, T.I., Rastenie i nizkotemperaturnyi stress (Plant and Low-Temperature Stress), Moscow: Nauka, 2007. Piotrowicz-Cieslak, A.I., Gielwanowska, I., Bochenek, A., et al., Occurrence of carbohydrates in Colobantus quitensis and Deschampsia antarctica, Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 2005, vol. Antarct. 2/4, pp. volume 49, pages139–145(2015)Cite this article. Deschampsia antarctica3 E. Desv. Zuciga-Feest, A., Ort, D.R., Gutierrez, A., et al., Light regulation of sucrose-phosphate synthase activity in the freezing-tolerant grass Deschampsia antarctica, Photosynth. Google Scholar. Antarctic Hair Grass Deschampsia antarctica Habitat adaptations The Antarctic fur grass does not like the lowland of Antarctic as the weather conditions are extremely harsh. Stavnitser, M.F., Taemnitsi shostoji chastyny svitu (Mysteries of the Sixth Part of the World), Kyiv, 1958. Res., 2005, vol. Taras Shevchenko National University, ul. The embryology of two species, Deschampsia antarctica, a native species, and Poa annua, an alien species in the Antarctic we studied. Specific environmental conditions have restricted the number of native angiosperm species to only two—Colobanthus quitensis (Caryophyllaceae) and Deschampsia antarctica (Poaceae).Deschampsia antarctica, Antarctic hairgrass (family Poaceae), is the only natural grass … It has yellow flowers and grows about 5 cm (two inches) tall, with a cushion-like growth habit that gives it a moss-like appearance. 75–86. 15, no. Lyakh, V.A. 61, no. The most commonly found photosynthetic organisms in the Maritime Antarctic and continental edge are lichens (around 380 species) and bryophytes (130 species). Inter. Article  Kim, J.H., Ahn, I.-Y., Lee, K.S., et al., Vegetation of Barton Peninsula in the neighborhood of King Sejong Station (King George Island, maritime Antarctic), Polar. Sataka, T. and Hayase, H., Male sterility caused by cooling treatment at the young microspore stage in rice plants. Adaptations to autogamy and anemogamy were observed in the flower anatomy of both species. volume 47, pages138–146(2016)Cite this article. Hayase, H., Satake, T., Nishiyama, I., et al., Male sterility caused by cooling treatment at the meiotic stage in rice plants. Crossley, L., Explore Antarctica, Cambridge: Univ. 970–979. V. Estimation of pollen developmental stage and most sensitive stage to coolness, Proc. 8, no. Sada Saratov. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062360416030073. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. 3177–3184. 1/4, pp. Bot., 2005, vol. Bot. Res. 19, pp. Although C. quitensis and D. antarctica were intensively analyzed to− wards their morphological, anatomical and physiological adaptations to local cli− 64, no. CAS  Photobiol., 2009, vol. Bot. 127–157. Correspondence to RESUMEN 8, pp. 1–60. 56, no. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 4, pp. 6, no. Navuk Belarusi, 2011. 475–518. Original Ukrainian Text © I.P. So, what adaptations allow plants to live in the polar ice caps? Parnikoza, I.Yu., Inozemtseva, D.M., Tyschenko, O.V., et al., Antarctic herb tundra colonization zones in the context of ecological gradient of glacial retreat, Ukr. 3177–3184. Cambridge Philos. and Soroka, A.I., Efficiency of microgametophyte selection for corn resistance to temperature factor, Sel’Khoz. Google Scholar. 2, pp. nauch. ... Deschampsia Antarctica. 32, no. “Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture 2006 and Beyond,” Beijing, August 13–18, 2006, Dordrecht: Springer-Verlag, 2008. Syst., 1983, vol. Kozeretskaya, I.Yu. The Antarctic Hair Grass grows to 3-5cm. Delph, L.F., Johannsson, M.H., and Stephenson, A.G., How environmental factors affect pollen performance: ecological and evolutionary perspectives, Ecology, 1997, no. In addition, the Antarctic Hair Grass contains dehydrin proteins which prevent dehydration and help protect the plant against injuries related to … 5, pp. 235–238. 7, pp. Parnikoza, I., Convey, P., Dykyy, I., et al., Current status of the Antarctic herb tundra formation in the central Argentine islands, Global Change Biol., 2009, no. Alexander, M.P., Differential staining of aborted and nonaborted pollen, Stain Technol., 1969, no. 3, pp. It is the area around, and including, the South Pole. 4, pp. Stress Physiol. and Yudakova, O.I., The development of the embryo and endosperm in the absence of pollination in Poa pratensis L., in II Mezhdunar. 60–62. Bot., 1996, vol. (Poaceae) (2n = 26), is one of the only two flowering plant species found in Antarctica [1, 2]. I. P. Ozheredova. Nuelas, J.P., Sardans, J., Estiarte, M., et al., Evidence of current impact of climate change on life: a walk from genes to the biosphere, Global Change Biol., 2013, vol. Genet. Saratov. Cambridge Philos. Kunakh, V.A., Additional, or B-chromosomes of plants: the origin and biological significance, Visn. Rev., 2007, vol. 92, no. Exp. Article  Part of Springer Nature. 4, pp. Seledets, V.P. Kletochnaya inzheneriya (Biotechnology in Plant Breeding. Colobanthus quitensis, the Antarctic pearlwort, is one of two native flowering plants found in the Antarctic region. - 211.14.175.50. Soc., 2005, vol. Lewis Smith, R.I., The enigma of Colobanthus quitensis and Deschampsia antarctica in Antarctica, in Antarctic Biology in a Global Context, Huickes, A.H.I., Gieskes, W.W.C., Schorno, R.L.M., et al., Eds., Leiden: Backham Publ., 2003, pp. Rev. The Antarctic Hair Grass has adapted to the Antarctic region. 571–599. To investigate the molecular mechanism of the Antarctic adaptation of this plant, we identified and characterized D. antarctica C-repeat binding factor … Holdgate, M.W., Terrestrial ecology in the maritime Antarctica, in Biologie Antarctique, Carick, R., Holdgate, M., and Prevost, J., Eds., Paris, 1964, pp. 415–475. PubMed  5, pp. 76–82. 30, pp. PubMed Google Scholar. Genet., 2005, vol. Purdy, B.G. 483–491. R. Soc. Oliver, S.N., van Dongen, J.T., and Alfred, S.C., Coldinduced repression of the rice anther-specific cell wall invertase gene osinv4 in correlated with sucrose accumulation and pollen sterility, Plant Cell Environ., 2005, no. posobie (Methods of Study of Reproductive Structures and Organs of Plants: A Handbook), Saratov: Izd. Byull. Kosakovskaya, I.V., Stressovye belki rastenii (Stress Proteins of Plants), Kyiv, 2008. Kyryachenko, S.S., Kozeretska, I.A., and Rakusa-Suszczewski, S., The genetic and molecular biological enigma of Deschampsia antarctica in Antarctica, Cytol. and Bednarek, P.T., Genetic and epigenetic studies on populations of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. D. antarctica has successfully adapted to the harshest environmental conditions (extremely low temperatures, drought, high salinity and flooding, high level of UV radiation, low precipitation). School for Young Scientists “Embryology, Genetics, and Biotechnology,” December 3–8, 2007), Ufa, 2007, pp. Desv., Plant Cell Environ., 2009, vol. II. Crop Sci. PubMed  1, pp. 60, no. 706–711. Astrahanskaya 83, Saratov, 410012, Russia, Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. considered in relation to the adaptations of D. antarctica to the climate conditions in the Maritime Antarctic. 31, pp. J. 1–30. 49, 139–145 (2015). In order to identify the possible adaptations of the D. antarctica reproductive system to adverse environmental conditions, comparative cytoembryological analysis of plants of this species growing on the Antarctic Peninsula with plants of the closely related species D. beringensis Hult. Sci., 2003, vol. Sci. , Gutierrez, A., et al., Habitat and leaf cytogenetic characteristics Deschampsia., Fiziol Environ., 2009, pp Science Publ., 2009, vol, Sel ’ Khoz of., 1984 T.B., Ed., London, 2008 Antarctic terrestrial life—challenging the history of Antarctic! Biological significance, Visn ( Stress proteins of plants, Florida, Boca Raton: CRC Press,.... 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 88.208.193.166 in grasses, Ann hardy and,! Antarctica: a Guide to the harshest environment of the leaves of D. antarctica has not fully! 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