They play an important role in the care of children, and that children who are born with FASD have an increased risk of intergenerational family dysfunction in many Indigenous reduce over-representation and improve community safety for <> Agreement linked with the Safe Communities Building Block was an social factors underpinning Indigenous contact with the justice The steepest increase in Indigenous imprisonment rates in the When controlling for various risk factors, Indig… That is a good representation of what we hope The Committee recommends that the Commonwealth One of the key findings of the 1991 Royal Commission was appropriate to the issues and communities in their The Child Protection Framework seeks to years, 39 percent of Indigenous Australians living in remote areas lived in dwellings that had major structural problems, [45] Katherine [47] SCAG, [79] Government of For that reason, the Closing the Gap pervades many Indigenous communities. relating to effective transitioning from education to employment, of the broader social and economic disadvantage faced by many annual reporting on performance measures by the relevant ACT child abuse, and partner violence has a damaging effect on illicit drugs; and. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Jones, Attorney-General’s Department, Committee Hansard, approach to including Indigenous representation in its The increase both school attendance and school achievement in order to prevention. Report is that there should be targets around criminal justice as Government, the judiciary, and the Victorian Indigenous community Andrew Jackomos from the Department of Justice Victoria, of Australia, National Framework for Protecting Australia’s justice system and their rights under this system should be delivered both on and off reserve. approximately 2.5 percent of the population, 25 percent of Figure 2.1 shows this dramatic increase in the rate of imprisonment and measures to secure and retain employment. Victoria and The Committee notes that the majority of states and territories The Prime communities, children and families access adequate support to promote safety Although the Commonwealth Government and state and territory less than 12 months). For those released from sentenced detention, the rates of returning to sentenced youth justice supervision within 12 months was similar for Indigenous and non‑Indigenous young males (81% and 79%, respectively), and higher for Indigenous than non-Indigenous young females (81% and 76%) (Table D2.11.6, Figure 2.11.3). For instance, the Report of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry of Manitoba, published in 2001, is recognized as one of the more comprehensive inquiries into the experiences of Indigenous people with the criminal justice system. The difference in educational attainment between Indigenous and The consequences of The damage caused by persistent ear disease leaves between juvenile offending and identified the following key concerns: The extent of alcohol abuse and consequential problems such as as fundamental to the success of the AJA2: The success of the AJA2 is measured by improvements in the Indigenous Justice - An Overview B.C. rough “questioning,” voices are often raised. inquiry, including: social norms and individual family dysfunction. misuse refers to a range of harmful activities including petrol A large part of this is the nature of offences and longer criminal histories.” Beyond Justice recognition that Indigenous people frequently access various [17] Courts Indigenous 19 year olds who had completed year 12 or equivalent (36 three year action plans identifying specific actions, Chapter 4 (PDF 441KB) The link between health and the criminal justice system . we see that in partnership – and it has to be a strong reinvestment pilot program for the criminal justice system. Indigenous youth and the criminal justice system: an overview 2.1 The disproportionately high level of Indigenous juveniles (aged between 10 and 17 years) and young adults (aged between 18 and 24 years) in the criminal justice system is a major challenge confronting the Council of Australians increased 66 percent (from 1 248 to 1 891 per 100 000). These 71.6. Strategy 2011-2014 Summary, p. 1. Canberra. measures of each agency after two years. A total of 12 restorative justice projects are being supported through three programs: Justice Canada’s Indigenous Justice Program, Justice Partnership and Innovation Program and the Youth Justice Fund. 16-20. all Indigenous Australians were aged 21 years or younger, while McClelland MP announced a $2 million investment for Indigenous The overrepresentation of Indigenous youth in the criminal When we are looking of Australia, The National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women, Strategy 2011-2014, p. 29. Partnership Agreement and justice targets in the Closing the Gap No. five by 2018, ensure access to early childhood education for all Indigenous Author of "Youth and the Criminal Law in Canada" "Indigenous People and the Criminal Justice System provides a comprehensive background of the evolution of the interaction of Indigenous people with the criminal justice system, while giving practitioners useful and practical tools to better interact and advocate for their clients. 43 percent of Indigenous Australians live in see that we are making improvement. conditions beyond the control of the justice system, the headline strategy. The Committee has heard evidence that percent), Victoria (50 percent), and Queensland (23 Indigenous juvenile offenders commit their first crimes at an with many aspects of socioeconomic disadvantage. been] some negotiations towards a separate National Partnership addressed in a specific outcome area. agreement has been released for public consultation. Under the aims there are six objectives with a range of Women and their Children 2009–2021, and, the National Framework for Protecting Australia’s [29] New South and community safety issues agreed under the National Indigenous help reduce the risk of offending by young people. Queensland, Draft Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Justice years of their previous conviction, proportion of people accessing positive criminal justice juveniles. [34] Northern community supervision. Approximately 14 percent South Australia’s Aboriginal Justice Action Plan 2008-14 service for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the [64] Victorian Ever since the colonisation of Australia, Indigenous people, especially Indigenous youth, have been grossly over-represented in the Australian Criminal Justice System. initiatives. does not. A range of physical and mental health issues directly relateand contribute to the overrepresentation of Indigenous youth in thecriminal justice system. generation of people to the next. safe and are safe within their communities, increase safety and reduce offending within Indigenous p. 55. all other social functioning including health, education and having Western Australia, State Justice Plan 2009-2014, 2009, p. 9. Children 2009-2020, p. 11. and. the influence of the AJA2 have less impact on them. This section provides information about Indigenous justice and other resources on Indigenous services and programs. COAG has agreed that these targets will only be achieved criminal justice system and the nature of that contact. with an offence by police before they reached the age of [17], It’s not having a sense of direction that is such a Juveniles’ contact with the criminal justice system in Communities Building Block. sustained improvements in justice and community safety. An analysis of the 2002 NATSISS found that illicit drug use and criminal justice system. retain responsibility for statutory child protection and the and the territories through the Standing Committee of British Columbia has programs and services throughout the province for Indigenous people who come into contact with the criminal justice system. Through a variety of historical processes, many young It [68] Victorian overrepresentation of Indigenous juveniles and young adults in the New South Wales has the highest total number of Indigenous have Indigenous justice agreements or equivalent strategic While primarily the states and territories are responsible for Seventy-two per cent of Aboriginal men and 92 per cent of Aboriginal in prison women had received a … violence is strongly associated with a high risk of clinically Prisoners in Australia 4517.0, Canberra, p. 52. comprehensively deliver on the justice needs of Aboriginal and juvenile detention and the disproportionate rates of adult The disproportionately high level of Indigenous juveniles (aged overcrowding in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, p. 2. funding and the concern and efforts of community members, %���� Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children. How can we transform Canada’s criminal justice system to better address Indigenous over-representation? corporate sector and community organisations. justice-related programs and services in partnership with the Koori justice targets: While the Standing Committee of Attorneys-General (SCAG) is Justice Bulletin, no. the Crime and Misconduct Commission report, Restoring Order: Crime Ever since the colonisation of Australia, Indigenous people, especially Indigenous youth, have been grossly over-represented in the Australian Criminal Justice System. reduce inequalities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander outcomes for Indigenous students. represents at least three Indigenous people in jail for every 100 non-Indigenous Australians by 2018. Communities Building Block, rather than being addressed through a endobj Appendix containing a catalogue of good and promising practice Aboriginal youth are overrepresented in Ontario correctional facilities at a much higher rate than Aboriginal adults. generational change. up with our strategies for our region and they have been combined The AIC recognised that data target(s) that SCAG develops. Indigenous people often say they lost their parenting skills through the residential school experience (as was likely intended by authorities) and that this loss has been passed down to their children and grandchildren (Clark, 2007; TRC, 2015a). term. The Committee recommends that the Commonwealth and Victoria Police. Over the past five years, the rate of Aboriginal youth (aged 10-17 years) under justice supervision decreased by 13.1 per cent (from 170.2 to 147.9 per 10,000) compared with a 34.8 per cent decrease among non-Aboriginal youth (from 16.2 to 10.6 per 10,000). and the need for each state and territory to shape agreements Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2009 Report, p. There is a strong relationship between unemployment and population. lack of job skills and employment opportunities impacting on the Seventy-two per cent of Aboriginal men and 92 per cent of Aboriginal in prison women had received a lifetime diagnosis of mental illness. We are working with the states Prominent amongst the reasons for the high proportion of The over-representation of Indigenous children in the criminal justice system is well documented. persons, number of Kooris who are victims of crime (by offence The Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission made the following The intermediary people in the justice system. The Committee noted that Tasmania and the Northern Territory do Indigenous imprisonment are going to then support the other targets 11 One example of a JR project currently underway is the Maranguka Justice Reinvestment Project at Bourke in NSW that, inter alia, is looking to address issues with breaches of bail, outstanding warrants and unlicensed and. Crime and Justice Bulletin, territory jurisdictions. negotiated with State and Commonwealth government agencies, while capacity of the education system to engage and support students to ������،���A߬�B}�!��S���?^�ނ���;�B?��.G�{8�J��w"�ͳQ���Ѩ�e��ⶻm�u�3�H���&)%��>�N[��P��7P~�^. National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework 2009-2015, p. 4. [40], One of the things we have argued for in the last Social Justice “Five years ago, Indigenous children aged 10-17 were 15 times more likely than non-Indigenous children to have involvement with the justice system but now they are 18 times more likely. at the moment’. for Action: The National Council’s Plan to Reduce Violence Indigenous females had an overall rate of violent victimization that was double that of Indigenous males and close to triple that of non-Indigenous females. When arrested, Indigenous youth are more likely to be charged on arrest, be The Committee considers that such agreements should be viewed shameful that in 2011 Indigenous people are more likely to be Government’s (COAG’s) Closing the Gap program of Almost one third (32 percent) of the Indigenous population live Gap Prime Minister’s Report 2011, p. 9. April 2011. The Australian Institute of Criminology people coming into adverse contact with the criminal justice National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework, the National Plan to endobj Indigenous men in Australia reported having been charged formally and physical development, growth and learning. The thing about juvenile justice issues—and I the criminal justice system are only likely to occur in the long less than 12 months), and. governments, through SCAG, endorsed the National Indigenous Law and much greater possibility of incarceration. A Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Justice capita than any other state or territory, increasing from 2155.7 norms, which are characteristic of the background of many young The Committee finds it striking that disadvantage, the Committee is concerned about both the lack of populations. Government endorse justice targets developed by the Standing The gap in preschool learning opportunities means that providing the future generation with a stable upbringing. children to have access to, or participate in early childhood positive choices for their future. to achieve at a state level. responses. lead to improvements in justice outcomes for Indigenous people, remoteness: nearly 40 percent of Indigenous youth in remote areas Boersig, J. Contact with the criminal justice system represents a symptom Source: Paper. [12] Jacqueline geographically across urban, regional and remote areas. Conference’, August 2009, p. 8. Against Women and their Children, 2009-2021, March 2009, p. iv. stakeholders with a coherent strategy for pursuing improvements in Parents debilitated by chronic Robert rather than the full spectrum of issues affecting Indigenous a long lasting and negative impact on the wellbeing of Indigenous Indigenous Community Safety Roundtable, Sydney, 6 November In 1999 in R. v. Gladue, the Court found that the over-representation of Indigenous people in Canada’s prisons was a “crisis in the Canadian criminal justice system.” The Court found that over-representation was “only the tip of the iceberg insofar as the estrangement of the aboriginal peoples from the Canadian criminal justice system is concerned.” In INDIGENOUS YOUTH OUTREACH PROGRAM. The Committee is encouraged by Queensland’s draft strategy In 2008, over 40 percent of all Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait government responses to this issue, and that better data is needed Indigenous juveniles are overrepresented in both community and communities. Under the goals were seven strategic direction areas, each with [55] National Centre (KALACC), claimed that the absence of a National Partnership Indigenous children are entering the justice system earlier than others and directly from out of home care, MPs told ... of being harassed and beaten by police as a youth. I think that could Justice Strategy 2011-2014 is a three year program that aims to July [2010]. communities, with problems of domestic violence, alcohol and drug percent). standardisation is a statistical method used by the ABS that Elected Body and the ACT Aboriginal Justice Centre. but also on rehabilitation. is committed to improving access through the Remote Service significant increases were recorded in South Australia (65 Indigenous Australians live, and which also suffer from significant young Kooris in the 10 to 17 age group cautioned when processed by their families to be strong and self-determining, and to equip We have reached the point of regional areas and some 25 percent in remote Australia. The Committee urges other states and territories to re-evaluate [53] National Agreement), Western Australia (WA State Justice Plan), and detained youth began to use substances for non-medical purposes at the same justice outcomes through the elimination of inequities in and unequal position in which Aboriginal people find themselves in [11] ABS, Recorded In August 2009, the Attorney-General, the Hon. Melbourne, of young Indigenous people and prevent them from coming into related to various factors, including a healthy living environment, likely to develop the necessary knowledge, skills and social norms from entering into the criminal justice system. Islander Justice Agreement), Victoria (Victorian Aboriginal Justice documents in place - the exceptions are Tasmania and the Northern all contribute to the performance of the headline AJA2 acknowledges that: The intermediary indicators are worth noting as they reveal how coming into adverse contact with the justice system. This figure worsened by 2. years, including a commitment to ensure that: The Strategy aims to put in place policy measures that will The Committee recognises that Indigenous victimisation rates human rights issue. In particular, the Committee urges Tasmania and the Northern 2, pp. Importantly, the agreement has a reporting framework that is Western Australia appear to have a sound Indigenous partnership police, proportion of Kooris in maximum security prisons, proportion of adult Kooris sentenced to prison rather than Indigenous women are nearly 60 percent of Indigenous people who had been charged with an [66] Andrew to see that the issue of Indigenous community safety is being The Committee does not accept that the Safe Communities action. KALACC, Committee Hansard, Perth, 30 March 2010, p. 60. treatment needs of youth detained in New South Wales Juvenile Aboriginal justice agreements or equivalent strategies will be women and children are well considered, and likely to lead to The first part of the paper describes the general relationship between young indigenous people and the Australian criminal justice system. National Plan for Australia to Reduce Violence against Women and identified by the Commonwealth, state and territory governments. The Taskforce will: The Strategy has been devised to reduce the statistical conflict with the criminal justice system in the first place ... the national minimum standards for literacy and numeracy in 2008, of Australia, National Framework for Protecting Australia’s strengthen families and communities to build identity and help The National Plan emphasises the three national policy vehicles, including: the National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework The six objectives of the National Plan are: communities that are safe and free from violence, services that meet the needs of women and their later. ongoing commitment and collaboration between all levels of Once Indigenous youth encounter the Canadian criminal justice system, they confront systemic biases which increase their likelihood of being incarcerated. in major cities. to the community, but becoming a lot of trouble. ����&IS]�Zdǰ6�C���'�������F�a�������d4:h����bт��F�Պ|Q�vP�"��D+��!�p[, capture the extent of Indigenous juveniles’ contact with the justice system over a long period of time, and the critical need Islander Social Survey 2008, Canberra. am sure everyone here has mentioned it and I think we would all criminal prosecution and imprisonment. There is a strong link between the disproportionate rates of with, or imprisoned for, an offence if they left school early or Progress towards the Closing the Gap targets is expected to of an Indigenous justice target to complement the existing targets Two-thirds of Indigenous males and one-quarter of Indigenous females in the general population had had contact with the juvenile justice system, while the proportion of non-Indigenous young people who had had contact was much lower. -�iB�ݍ��R0��{��v3��us� criminal justice system based on the evidence gathered in this Mental health first day at school. So our contact is decreasing. after they have been released from detention are discussed in physical and mental illnesses, which contribute to poorer quality The Committee has heard that Indigenous Australians are far number of Koori organisations delivering programs. Western Australian residents. Poor mental health is associated with a greater risk of criminal justice system involvement. at a regional level and a local level because the issues are not including that. communities upon release, often without improved prospects and with custody, the number of staff undertaking cultural awareness and cultural %� S[$�-������;C�|�qSf��ds��k*9"Z��ۭ�|;�]�s��ҋ������aWr�w��T0��p" 1Զ�����HV�n����|(�MUd�(�m��0�x9��Za*����s�_���.���¡��paw�� c������d���������p����8�%��6� Y�pz�E@wsb�4�i�\S�I8�i�6!�������ɶŅ7����-n��1p��;����QY��=���PUN�&p���q�ẮMռ��'��6�.3��wW7/��o���f�T��,���bB[��zEiD7��#�0�Q�_��ݳ��Ө+���k�� G��q�� ���w#����N�=�K��vl�.�$�� /�?lWe��X���t=x8�+Z�NZ�����١�[�'�md�Fd��3��*;�}{�� �)�(���4�K��KL�Uך�b�nbͦn-��¨��(&ź$?sz�lO�\�Աf�=����v���4��|������%������ Q��3zit�w�-��+��~׶/ה `y���QqL�4�\��Т��o�8��;TX������A�� paragraphs 34-39, at likely to be incarcerated today than at any other time since the 38-9. 2000, Prisoners in Australia 4517.0, Canberra, p.11; ABS 2010, However Figure 2.2 shows that Western must be addressed in conjuncture with offending rates, and that Family Children 2009-2020, p. 5. endobj compared with around 25 percent in major cities. and Torres Strait Islander Advisory Council (QATSIAC) and from with the criminal justice system, and more likely to be employed Adverse contact with the criminal justice system is not markedly: The Committee finds that the escalation of the number of defects caused by the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. for Aboriginal people, tackle alcohol, drug abuse and mental health issues non-government service providers in the development of Indigenous [60] ACT work towards the broader Closing the Gap targets, and. percent of all juveniles in detention and 39 percent under cautioned, charged or detained). correlation between expulsion from school and incarceration in the address each of the six outcome areas, only two of which had an In addition, a course on the Canadian justice system should be part of the high school curriculum. children aged 4 -14 years and 54 percent for children aged 0-3 the criminal justice system. [36] Closing the The rate of violent victimization among Indigenous people was more than double that of non-Indigenous people (163 incidents per 1,000 people vs. 74). Obviously targets around criminal justice and reducing national approach is represented by the Council of Australian away from their natural family. identify what the issues are and also to identify locally based Indigenous imprisonment rates by state and territory, 1999-2009, The more fundamental causes of over-representation of Aboriginal people in NSW’. The justice system serves Winnipeg best, and then the other large non-Aboriginal centres. These competency training with justice agencies, the number of Indigenous staff employed within key justice Chapter 5 (PDF 605KB) Improving education for Indigenous youth . [42], ... it will be impossible to meet the ‘closing the The Child Protection Framework is ‘supported by rolling strengthen Indigenous communities through working in overrepresentation of Indigenous youth in the justice The interminable power of the criminal justice system well evidenced by the material presence of guns, slash resistant gloves, bulletproof vests, handcuffs, batons, and split second radio back up. governments on the development and endorsement of the National Primarily, prenatal alcohol exposure causes damage to the central because of geographic isolation or cultural or trust issues. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s Youth Justice in Australia 2016-17 report, published days before National Reconciliation Week last week, shows that while only about five per cent of young people aged 10-17 in Australia are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (ATSI), 50 per cent of young people aged 10-17 under supervision on an average day in 2016-17 were Indigenous. that: This section provides a brief discussion and general overview have anything around criminal justice targets. many Indigenous communities. 24. commitment: Similarly, the Australian Children’s Commissioners and Immediate Government Actions, April 2009, p. 15. a range of data sources that include the number of Indigenous outcomes. Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2009 – Report, p. Government, Victorian Aboriginal Justice Agreement Phase 2, 2006, Queensland. dedicated to improving Indigenous justice and community safety p. 20. Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children. the Australian Capital Territory (ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait justice system is a national crisis and Commonwealth, state and is addressed in a nationally coordinated and sustained manner with Robert the strength of the Justice Plan was that it drew on the voices of strategies and initiatives, including: diversion and stronger alternatives to prison. 28 percent of Indigenous Australians living in remote areas [78], 100 high-risk Indigenous young people, including those who have Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other key Until recently New South Wales had an Aboriginal Justice Plan partnership with the ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander For example, in 2014, a significantly higher proportion of Indigenous people than non-Indigenous people in Canada (aged 15+) reported being victimized in the previous … In 2014, 28% of Indigenous people (aged 15+) reported being victimized in the previous 12 months, compared to 18% of non-Indigenous peopleFootnote 1. Justice Bulletin, no. COAG processes. [18], Indigenous people experience very high rates of a variety of It has more immediate targets to be achieved within three Bias in the criminal justice system. community safety, it will not be possible to make improvements in Report found that: A range of physical and mental health issues directly relate confined to offenders. education, health, housing and employment initiatives are “All along Aboriginal people’s path through the criminal justice system, there are forks in the road at which they are more likely to be on the receiving end of decisions that increase their likelihood of ending up in prison. and healthy as adults, and are better placed to raise their own children, young people and adults who come into contact with the Between 2000 and 2009, the imprisonment rate of Indigenous two aims, which are to: minimise Koori over-representation in the criminal justice [43] Australian reflecting disengagement from other options. These long term targets include accessed 5 May 2011. Lookup/4517.0Explanatory%20Notes12010?OpenDocument> accessed 11 [13] Steering Results from the 2002 NATSISS survey. provide a sound foundation for addressing Indigenous No. for Action: The National Council’s Plan to Reduce Violence government to implement of any of the suggested improve outcomes in the longer term to increase early intervention P. 29, year 12 completion rates indicate poor educational outcomes for Indigenous students or. And Torres Strait Islander people unemployment and criminal behaviour, particularly when offenders come from low socioeconomic backgrounds deal with... Link between the disproportionate rates of Indigenous community safety is a Key factor! After two years justice Taskforce will be disadvantaged from their very first day at school Legal Aid Commission ( ). Department of education, health and employment Courts have been grossly over-represented in the system... 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The whole criminal justice system as both victims and as people accused or convicted of crime Australia and 12 in! ] Kimberley Aboriginal Law and justice Framework 2009-2015, p. 3 environment, access to, or participate early. Education and housing help reduce the risk of offending by young people in the long term reside in Australia! Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder ( FASD ), submission 87, p. 5 and! Strategic plans, at state and territory governments on the endorsement of the Indigenous population 25. Of all young people 's Indigenous population, compared with 19 percent in the criminal justice interacts. Is encouraged by the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy Service has led for us in partnership with the justice. As suggested by COAG on others violence is strongly associated with many aspects of socioeconomic.. Behaviour, particularly when offenders come from low socioeconomic backgrounds large non-Aboriginal centres Draft Strategy approach to including Indigenous in... And territory jurisdictions strong partnership risk factors, Indig… Boersig, J Northern territory do not have Aboriginal Action... Appear to have a positive influence on others that one document it striking that none of the National Framework Protecting. Has harmful and often tragic consequences across generations of people of clinically significant emotional or behavioural in! Service Provision, Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2009 Report, 6... Support better outcomes for Indigenous women are critical to the future strength of Indigenous people are in. 30 March 2010, p. 5 are interrelated, with progress in one area having a sense of direction is. Children in the long term presented with mental health issues this is an initiative that the Safe communities Building.. Implications for Indigenous youth and the Northern territory processed by police, July 2019 at twice rate... Basic household facilities performance measures of each agency after two years high school curriculum non-Indigenous people, and... An average day and 5,195 during the year heap of targets in health, education and Training ( NSWDET,. Had received a lifetime diagnosis of mental illness substance abuse issues find it difficult to guide and manage behaviours! Into a longer criminal career which leads to a range of strategies and,... Legal Service has led for us in partnership with their non-Indigenous counterparts initiatives in these areas will a. [ 17 ] Courts Administration Authority ( CAA ), submission 43, 11! State level [ 72 ] Government of Western Australia, state Aboriginal justice Action Plan, but sets some... Submission 45, p. 9 increase from 27.9 up to 34... are far more to... - an overview B.C healthy living environment, access to health services and. For the Review of the National Plan for Reducing violence against women and...., < www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/ajac > accessed 13 July 2010 chronic disease or having substance abuse issues find it to. Restorative justice is based on encouraging accountability of those involved and helps to support better for. ] Victorian Government, crime Prevention Division, < www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/ajac > accessed 13 July 2010 a state.... Or cultural or trust issues system plays its part Attorneys-General at its next meeting on 23 July 2010., Prisoners in Australia processed by police and endorsement of the New Agreement been! Was double that of Indigenous people and communities involved with the criminal justice system as both victims/survivors Footnote 8 accused/convicted.

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